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   Whooping Cough, Mumps, Measles, Typhus, Typhoid Fever, etc.

 

Major Epidemics in Colonial North America, 1519-1787

Part 3: Whooping Cough, Mumps, Measles, Typhus, Typhoid Fever, and other

(Not an exhaustive list)

 

Years

Locality

Ethnic group (whites, unless otherwise noted)

Disease

Fatalities (if known)

Notes

1607-24* (recurring epidemics)

Jamestown, Virginia

 

Typhoid fever

6,000†

 

1635

Canada

French and Native Americans

Measles

 

Recorded by Jesuits

1657-58

Boston

 

Measles

Pervasive but few deaths

 

1659

Boston

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1687

Boston, Quebec

 

Measles

 

 

1687-88

New England

 

Measles

 

 

1693

Virginia

 

Measles

 

From England

1713-15

All American Colonies

 

Measles

High death toll in Boston: 150+

 

1717

Virginia

 

Measles

 

 

1727

Connecticut & Massachusetts

 

Typhoid

 

 

1729

North America

 

Measles

Leading cause of death in Boston

 

1734

CT, MA, & SC

 

Typhoid

 

 

 

Falmouth, MA

 

Measles

 

Mild compared to diphtheria epidemic

1737

CT & MA

 

Typhoid

 

 

1738

New London, CT

 

Whooping cough

 

 A few cases

South Carolina

 

High mortality

"Virulent and widespread:

South Carolina

 

Typhoid

 

 

1739-40

Boston & environs; CT, NJ

 

Measles

 

People leaving large towns spread it to villages

1740-41

New England

 

Typhoid

 

 

1745

Charleston

 

Typhoid

 

 

Stamford, CT

 

Typhoid

70 died on one street

 

1746

Albany, NY

 

Typhoid

 

 

1747-49

CT, MA, NY, PA, SC

 

Measles

Severe in SC

 

1748

Connecticut

 

Typhoid

150

 

1749

Philadelphia

 

Measles

 

Ben Franklin recorded

1754

Philadelphia

 

Typhus

 

 

1755

All colonies

 

Mumps

 

 

1758-59

New England and middle colonies

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1759

North Carolina

Moravians

Typhus

 

 

1759

North America

 

Measles

Severe in NJ, especially fatal in SC

 

South Carolina

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1760s

Annapolis, MD

 

Typhus

 

By immigrant ships

1760-66

Philadelphia

 

Typhoid

 

From Connecticut

1764

Philadelphia and Carolinas

 

Scarlet Fever

 

"Relatively mild" epidemic

1764

North Carolina

Moravians

Typhoid

 

 

1765

South Carolina

 

Whooping cough

 

Milder than 1759 epidemic

1765-66

New England and middle colonies

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1767

Sutton, MA

 

Mumps

 

 

Philadelphia

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1767

Elizabeth Town, NJ

 

Typhoid

 

 

1772

North America

 

Measles

Especially fatal in SC; 800-900 children in Charleston died

 

New England & Pennsylvania

 

Whooping cough

 

 

1773

lower Canadian colonies

 

Syphilis

 

Only major outbreak

Sources:

Duffy, John. Epidemics in Colonial America. Baton Rouge, LA. Louisiana State UP, 1953.

Purchase at http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0804616647/healthoilscom

 

*Briggs, Elizabeth. A Family Historian's Guide to Illness, Disease, & Death Certificates. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Wesgarth, 1993.

 

World Health Organization, The. "Fact Sheet N149: Typhoid Fever." March 1997. http://www.who.int/inf-fs/en/fact149.html Accessed on 5 Aug. 2003

 

 

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